Monday, April 8, 2019

Bear Safety In Alaska

If you're visiting Alaska, you probably want to see a bear.  However, you may be worried about meeting that bear face to face at close range.  

It's a valid concern.  Bears can be dangerous.  But mostly bears are just doing their own thing and do not want to hurt you.   

In my book, Hiking Alaska from Cruise Ports, I detail the advice I've compiled from various Alaska agencies (which might be slightly different from advice in other locations, since Alaskan bears are less habituated to people).

Here are some of the highlights:

1)  Hike noisily.  Talk, sing, or clap your hands, especially in brushy areas and around blind curves.

2)  Don't carry smelly food--or anything else particularly smelly.

3)  If you see a bear, keep your distance, no matter how much you want that perfect photo.  And never put yourself between a mama and her cub.

4)  If you meet a bear up close, stay calm and DO NOT RUN.  Stand tall and talk in a calm voice, loud and low.  You might want to wave your arms gently or otherwise hold them so that you look as big as possible.  If you have children with you, pick them up.

5)  Back slowly away from the bear.  If it follows, stop.

6)  If it charges, stand your ground and talk more loudly.  Do not scream or make high-pitched noises.  It'll probably veer off at the last second.

7)  If a brown bear / grizzly attacks, curl in a fetal position with your hands laced behind your neck and play dead until it goes away.

8)  If a black bear attacks, (or if a grizzly starts mauling you) fight back as hard as you can until it decides you're not worth it.

9)  If you carry bear spray, learn how to use it before you ever set foot on the trail.

For more, read my book:  Hiking Alaska from Cruise Ports

-Great ideas for hikes, walks, and strolls in Ketchikan, Juneau, Skagway, Haines, Icy Strait Point, Sitka, Homer, Kodiak, Whittier, Seward, and Anchorage. 
-Practical information on the trails, including distance, difficulty, elevation gain, and how to get to the trailheads.
-Trail stories
-A few longer routes for those traveling independently
-Tips on hiking safety, offline maps, etc. 

Friday, April 5, 2019

Kindle Publishing: File Size vs Royalty Rate

Time for a helpful hint of the day.  If you publish e-books independently on Amazon (called KDP--Kindle Direct Publishing), you know about the different royalty rates...but you might not know a few important details.  If you're new to publishing, here's what you need to know

If you price your e-book between $2.99 and $9.99, you have two options:

70% royalties
35% royalties

70% sounds better, right?  Well, mostly yes.

But don't forget about delivery costs.  The 70% royalty rate has delivery costs.  The 35% royalty rate doesn't.

What are delivery costs?  Amazon charges you for delivering your ebook to the customer.  The delivery charge is based on the converted book's file size, and it's taken directly out of your 70% royalty.  For novels or narrative non-fiction without any fancy graphics or images, the delivery cost is not significant enough to stress about.  For anything with photos, illustrations, graphs, maps, etc., your file size will be a lot bigger and thus so will your delivery charges.  They can really start eating into your profits, especially if it's a big file and a low list price.


My novel, Far-Knowing, has a delivery cost of 6 cents.  So, if it's priced at $2.99, I get 70% of 2.99 minus 6 cents, which somehow comes to $2.05 of royalties per copy sold (Amazon does creative math, but luckily it's creative in our favor). 

My travel guide, Cruising Alaska on a Budget (with pictures and illustrations), has a delivery cost of 24 cents.  That's after I used Gimp (a photo editor) to individually scale my images down so they're still pretty good quality but don't take up so many kilobytes.  I also saved the manuscript as an html file then zipped up all the photo with the text instead of just uploading my Word document, as some people do.  This also reduces final file size.  If I hadn't done so much work to scale things down, delivery costs would have been well over 65 cents, which would have eaten up about a fifth of my profits when it's priced at $4.99, almost a third of my profits if it were priced at $2.99.

Delivery costs mean that you should pay attention to your file size and try to reduce where possible.

Even with the delivery costs, however, the 70% royalty rate is almost always better.  But not always.  So be aware.

If you price your book between 99 cents and $2.98, you must go with the 35% royalty rate.

Why price something so low?
-If it's short
-If you want to give your fans something at a bargain price
-If you want to use it to drive sales to other books

The other advantage here is that there is no delivery cost, so if you have something graphics-heavy, you don't have to worry so much about scaling things down.

However, here's what isn't immediately obvious in the KDP information: if your file is too big, you cannot price it at 99 cents...or even 1.99.

I planned to sell my new travel guide, Hiking Alaska from Cruise Ports, for less than $2.99 because it's a relatively short book.  Plus, I wanted to have more pictures of the beautiful hiking trails, so I didn't want to have to worry about delivery costs.  However, after preparing my file and uploading it, I discovered that KDP wouldn't let me price it at my promotional 99-cent book-launch price.  Why not? I asked.  It took a bit of Googling to find this page:  List Price Requirements.  Here's the most important bit:

99 cents pricing--your file must be under 3 MB
$1.99 pricing--your files must be under 10 MB 

Mine was 4.5 MB.  I had to do a lot more scaling down to get it to 99 cents.

So, I learned some new things with this new book, and I thought I'd share.

Want to see those pictures I had to scale down?  

Sunday, March 24, 2019

The Simple Art of Flying by Cory Leonardo

This is sad, happy, charming, and gently funny.  A beautiful book with a bittersweet ending.

And look at that cover! 

It reminds me a lot of The One and Only Ivan, by Katherine Applegate—another fantastic book.  But my reactions are a little different.  My only (small) issue with the One and Only Ivan is that it's a little hard to believe in parts.  Ivan seems to know or understand things he would have no way of knowing, given what we know about how he learns, and I question why he can speak to the other animal species so easily but can't understand humans.  This doesn't seem quite internally consistent, and I'm a proponent of books being internally consistent—be they strictly modern day, far-distant future, or high fantasy. 

Now, fast-forward to "The Simple Art of Flying."  Objectively, it's way more difficult to believe.  The voices of the animals are way more human than Applegate's delightful rendition of a gorilla's thought processes and inner voice in "The One and Only Ivan."  In "The Simple Art of Flying," Alastair and others use slang and cultural references they shouldn't use or understand, even if they are highly intelligent animals that can communicate amongst themselves.  But here it doesn't bother me.  And the difference?  Internal consistency.  "The Simple Art of Flying" is so fantastical (Alastair reads by eating paper—and he knows pretty much everything—and the goldfish can analyze poetry—and the guinea pig plays poker).  Because it's so fantastical, it doesn't seem out of place that they all talk like humans.  It feels more internally consistent.

These are both great books.  I love them both.  I just found my different reactions interesting.

Anyway, I love the characters in "The Simple Art of Flying."  I love the writing, the story structure, the pacing, the unusual premise, and the even more unusual theme. 

A great book.  Highly recommended.  Can't wait to read more by Cory Leonardo

Buy it on Amazon:  The Simple Art of Flying

Read my review of The One and Only Ivan

Tuesday, March 19, 2019

Joshua Tree National Park--Day 3

From my trip in mid February:

After the rains ended (see previous post), things got less "interesting" but more beautiful:

Beautiful cactus:  pencil cholla first and possibly cushion foxtail below.

 Lovely hikes:

And more wildflowers:

Great day.

Saturday, March 16, 2019

Joshua Tree National Park--Day 2

It was pretty chilly the day we arrived at Joshua Tree National Park in mid February.  But then it started getting colder.  Propane canisters on camp stoves generally get condensation on the outside at the level of the gas.  Well, our condensation froze.

It starting doing that thing that's not exactly snow, but like a fine mist of rain that freezes into little jumpy specs of white.  We hunkered in our tents.  Then it started raining.  It rained for about the next 15 hours.

This is what happened to the campground (though luckily our site was on a little rise):

This is what happened to the trails:

This is what happened to the roads (photo by Jan Maly on the way out of the park):

We played cards in the tent, ate breakfast in the truck.  Then we drove around the park.  I put on my emergency poncho and hiked around a bit here and there.  When the rain tapered off, I tested out a jacket to see how rainproof it was.  It got soaked...but kept my torso pretty dry.  My pants and shoes were another matter.  But it was all so beautiful.

When the storm finally quit, here's how much water we'd collected:

We measured.  Almost 3 inches!

What a camping trip.

But...the next day was beautiful.  More pictures to come.

Thursday, March 14, 2019

Joshua Tree National Park in February--Day 1

Mid February, I met some Czech friends in the California's Joshua Tree National Park.  It was a great trip...even though the weather didn't cooperate so well.  You'll see more about that on Day 2!

Wildflowers near the southern entrance:

Wildlife at Jumbo Rocks Campground:

Views from the Ryan Mountain Trail:

Joshua trees and pretty silver cholla, whiter and more compact than our Sonoran teddybear cholla

Friday, March 8, 2019

Packing for an Alaska Cruise

I tend to be a heavy packer (at least compared to my backpacker peers).  Don't get me wrong;  I've moved to Europe for two years with one frame backpack and a day pack.  But I'll never be one of those people who purposely takes a serious vacation with one regulation-sized carry-on and nothing else.

For an Alaskan cruise, my recommendation is this:  don't pack light; pack prepared.  If you're like me, the last thing you want to do on your dream vacation is waste time and money shopping for stupid things you didn't bring.  There are too many whales to watch and trails to hike and history to live and salmon to eat.  

Alaska cruise packing list:

Layers. Layers, layers.  In case you didn't get that, I'll repeat:  layers.  Don't take a heavy winter coat.  Instead, take 3-4 light layers you can wear all at once and take off as needed.  Sometimes you'll be cold, especially if you spend a lot of time outside on glacier days or get caught in a long rain.  Other times you'll be too warm in anything more than a light jacket.  I have a long-sleeved, hooded T-shirt that's big enough to wear on top of other things.  I also take a light fleecy jacket, a thin wool sweater, and a stupid-looking but effective emergency poncho.  But there are many other combinations.  If you get cold easily, consider long underwear or some sort of second layer you can wear over or under your pants.  I usually take thick nylons (more like tights):  small to pack, but surprisingly warm.
Rain gear. It will rain. The ideal is something fancy like Gore-Tex, which is waterproof but breathable.  However, you can do with a much more affordable alternative.  At the very least, carry an emergency poncho and just swallow your pride when you put it on.  It'll mark you as a tourist, but so will all your oohing and aahing and picture taking.

Hat and gloves. If you spend eight hours on the outside decks in Glacier Bay on a cool day, for example, you'll be glad you have a knit had and gloves.  And please, stay on the outer decks during glacier cruising, at least for a bit.  It's beautiful.  Brimmed hats are handy when the sun comes out (or when the clouds malfunction, as locals joke). 

Good walking/hiking shoes. You don't necessarily need hiking boots, even if you're doing something like Devil's Punchbowl or Deer Mountain or one of the other fantastic Alaskan hikes.  But if you plan on doing anything much active (and please do--it's Alaska!), take good walking shoes with decent tread.  I always take a second pair, since my first often get wet.  Sometimes very, very wet.

These are the most important things, in my opinion, but for more, read my book: